Pilot project – plastic recycling cycle and marine environmental impact

The project was launched by the European Commission to gather strategic information and support the implementation of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requirements on marine litter and further develop the policy framework for this issue.
 The main objective of this project is to pinpoint the major possible sources of marine litter in four study-sites, indicative for each of the four European seas. The case-studies illustrate the process of litter and waste entering the marine environment. They indicate the main loopholes in the local material and waste cycles and identify which economic sectors or actors are the main sources of marine litter. Furthermore the study designs a set of feasible measures to address the loopholes. Based on multi criteria analysis four sites are selected: Riga (Latvia- Baltic Sea), Oostende (Belgium-North Sea), Barcelona (Spain-Mediterranean) and Constanta (Romania-Black Sea). These areas include river discharge, commercial ports and important coastal cities. The project developed policy mixes including between 21 (North Sea Case) and 28 (Mediterranean Sea Case) measures.
 The main findings are published at the report available on http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/good-environmental-status/descriptor-10/index_en.htm .  
 The project was implemented from December 2011 till December 2012.